Recollection of B-29
Chapter 4: B-29 Information & Links

B-29: Heavy bomber of an American air force
(The second world war)

1. B-29's News

1) Construction of the person killed in action tombstone of B29.
Sep 18 2002 Chunichi-Shinbun/Morning paper

The Kusama professor(Nissin-city Aici-pref) of Aichi institute constructed the tombstone peacefully the B-29 crash with private expense. B29 that crashed to Mamiana Ina-cho Ibaraki-pref, with the Tokyo large air raid of Mar 10 1945 when it is juvenile and he witnessed the U. S. armed forces crew who survived. The he hoped peace in Ina-cho of the hometown and constructed the monument of B-29.

The Donald C. Wechoust colonel of the Tokyo Yokota base attended, to the ceremony of unveiling of Sep 10 on behalf of U.S. Wechoust colonel praised that this monument heals our damage and hope is given.
The KUSAMA professor expressed that this monument becomes the symbol of a Japan and America friendship to a remotest descendant and be desiring.

B-29 information that crashed to Ina-cho:
Mar 10. 1945. B29 #44-69686, Nick name: Toll in the saddle
1POW =Capital punishment, 2POWs=Death in a fire in the Tokyo army prison.

Professor Kusama is the author of "Japanese who saved the B29 crash American soldier"(Souronsya).

2) Enola Gay restoration work start

Sep 6 2001(Thu)the Chunichi evening paper

Enola Gay that dropped an atomic bomb to Hiroshima of the Smithsonian aerospace museum of the Washington suburbs is stored. This is restored and it is displayed in the new aviation museum of the completion plan nearly the Darece international airport from Dec 2003.

A new museum opens in commemoration of the first light brother flight 100 anniversary.

3) Fighter of the illusion that recovered

Dec 19 2001 Chunichi newspaper

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. disclosed rocket fighter Shusui in the Second World War last stage that worked and restored in the Nagoya aerospace system production place on 18th to News pressmans.

Shusui reaches in 30 seconds 3 minutes to 10,000m by High temperature and High Pressure Gas power. As for Syusui Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. developed it in 11 months as the B29 interception fighter of the Japanese corps at the time of the Second World War. It was able to reach it to the test flight of Jul 1945 immediately before the end of the war. However, it is called the rocket fighter of an illusion without reaching to the battle.

Disclosure information:

1)Disclosure day
Monday, each week,
In Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd library from January, 2002 during disclosure
3)Reservation necessary, TEL 0568-28-1112

4) American bulletin introduction of the B29 crash tombstone

Pacific War last stage in B29 crashed in the in mountains of Sakagami-chou Toyota-city Aichi-pref in Jan 1945. Townspeople constructed a wooden monument in the crash point about 10 years ago. The amateur aviation history investigator of Toyota-city told the existence of this tombstone in the aviation museum of U.S. Ohio. Then, I was introduced with same museum Friends Journal of issuance recently

Introducer: Homigaoka Toyota-city Aichi-pref Mr Yaso Niwa

5)The picture of the deceased of two radiation exposure American soldiers is registered.
Raymond "Hap" Halloran of former POW, in the representation.

Information:Yahoo News. Post of Kyodo News Service Jul 21 2004 relation article

@Former POW of war Raymond Halloran who obtains picture of the deceased of two radiation exposure American soldiers who register =The 21st, National Hiroshima atomic bomb victim mournful peace prayer pavilion in Hiroshima City Nakaku

@ The Pacific War end,The B29 bomber that boarded it in the Japanese sky was shot down. Mr. Raymond Halloran of former American soldier who became prisoner of war (82 years old) = U.S. California state living = July 21, He visited the national Hiroshima atomic bomb victim mournful peace prayer pavilion in Hiroshima City as bereaved family representation of two American soldier prisoner of war who did the radiation exposure death in Hiroshima, and registered the picture of the deceased of two people.

Having been registered, Former soldier NOMEN BRISET of naval forces = At that time (19 years old),Massachusetts state coming from = and , Former soldier JULIUS MOLNER of army = At that time (20 years old) and Picture of the deceased of Michigan state coming from. =

The picture of the deceased registration was achieved by calling Akira Morisige (67 years old) of those who researched about the history of the Hiroshima City west district on friendly terms with the bereaved family and Raymond Halloran.
Registration of American soldier prisoner of war's picture of the deceased became five total people. According to Mr. Mori, Mr. BRISET and Mr. MOLNER made a sortie by each bomber on July 28, 1945, and crashed because of the bombardment of a Japanese army. They were restrained to the gendarmerie command in the center part of Hiroshima City, and were exposed to radiation. (Kyodo News Service) Update at 19:36 June 21.

Photo caption: Former POW Raymond Haroran who obtains picture of the deceased of two radiation exposure American soldiers who register. = The 21st, In the national Hiroshima atomic bomb victim mournful peace prayer pavilion in Hiroshima City Nakaku.

8j B-29 secret, Old Japanese army obtaining, In old MANSYU in China before the bombing in the mainland intensifies Top Nwes >Social>Aug 26.2005

Immediately before the air raid to the country by the U.S. military becomes full-scale in the second World war. It was clarified that Japan's now-defunct Army had acquired the classified information on the method of operating the formation of new bomber B29 etc. An internal document of the KANTO army gendarmerie that "Touan Pavilion" that the Kurahasi Masanao professor(Chinese present age history) of Aichi Prefectural University corresponded to Public Record Office of the CHEERIN in China preserved was obtained, and analyzed.

It was shot down in old MANSYU in December, 1944, and the boarding members who became the prisoner of war explained in full and the aim match explained the classified material of the flight the first machine's doing and on one's way back by the electric wave inducement etc. by the curtate distance in full. When the KANTO army gendarmerie withdrew from SHINKYO(CHANCHUN of present) by the Soviet Union participation, this pavilion kept what it was not possible to incinerate in this internal document.

The document is December 7 and 21 1944 and a record etc. of two plane 12 people of the total of the boarding member shot down at the air raid to the factory of the MANSYU airplane that exists in HOTEN of Old MANSYU. At that time, B29 made CHONTOO of SUCYOWAN in China a sortie base. According to the record, After it flies by about 1500K, 12 unites the formation of each machine to the machine that made a sortie at 3:00AM by the height 15,000 feet(about 4570 meters), and toward the focus of an attack. The first machine had to keep flying the straight line of about ten minutes of about 320Km per hour in low speed comparatively over the operation of the sight in the point that had been specified initial point (IP) for the start aim match. When it reaches the focus of an attack, 12 drops the bomb all together and the direction is changed counterclockwise. Straight toward on one's way back by the inducement electric wave from CHONTOO etc, The technique of the bombing was talked about in detail.

"The sight is a form that informs of the timing of the bomb dropping when the speed, height, and the numerical value of the velocity of the wind and for the wind etc are input. The purpose of only the guide machine's using is to avoid colliding, and other machines were told timing by the wireless. " "Radar is entirely used to fly, and accuracy is low for the aim of the bombing"etc. The performance of equipment is explained in full. The frequency of the same is used for the communication between the airplane and the base. It changes every day. To distinguish from the enemy plane, it reports on the outline of the bombing by the wireless on one's way back in 640Km this side of the base. There was information connected with the significant damage, too, if the method of deciphering the figure and the figure that showed the belonging force drawn in the tail etc. leaked.

The record is settled in the simple print document dated of December, 1944 the tenth, the 11th, and the 27th, and thought to have been distributed to a domestic related organization. The sortie base of B29 moved from 1945 of the new years to the Tinian island in the Pacific Ocean, and the air raid to a domestic city intensified in January of the same year. It is not understood whether information on the record was used though the homeland defense force is reorganized in February and the archibald force was made in the Pacific Ocean coast one after another. FUMIO TUJITA of a well informed military commentator about equipment and the organization of Japan's now-defunct Army, It is judged that executives of the homeland defense force do not have information as for well-known signs. There is a possibility that information was able to be used well-known, to intercept, and to control damage. Is it because the organization of the army lost flexibility or more at the stage of the end to which "Mainland decisive battle" is shouted? It points it out.

Photograph explanation:
Material of discovered B29. The meaning of the sign of the airframe that must be the classified material etc. are explained.
Offer; Professor of MASANAO KURAHASI Aichi Prefectural University

(12)Paul W. Tibbets Jr., Pilot of Enola Gay, Dies at 92

Sign In to E-Mail or Save This Print Single Page Reprints Share Del.icio.usDiggFacebookNewsvinePermalink By RICHARD GOLDSTEIN Published: November 1, 2007

Brig. Gen. Paul W. Tibbets Jr., the commander and pilot of the Enola Gay, the B-29 Superfortress that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in the final days of World War II, died today at his home in Columbus, Ohio. He was 92.

Related Related Article and Multimedia: Why They Called It the Manhattan Project (October 30, 2007)His death was announced by a friend, Gerry Newhouse, who said General Tibbets had been in decline with a variety of ailments. Mr. Newhouse said General Tibbets had requested that there be no funeral or headstone, fearing it would give his detractors a place to protest.

In the hours before dawn on Aug. 6, 1945, the Enola Gay lifted off from the island of Tinian carrying a uranium atomic bomb assembled under extraordinary secrecy in the vast endeavor known as the Manhattan Project.

Six and a half hours later, under clear skies, then-Colonel Tibbets, of the Army Air Forces, guided the four-engine plane he had named in honor of his mother toward the bombfs aiming point, the T-shaped Aioi Bridge in the center of Hiroshima, the site of an important Japanese army headquarters.

At 8:15 a.m. local time, the bomb known to its creators as Little Boy dropped free at an altitude of 31,000 feet. Forty-three seconds later, at 1,890 feet above ground zero, it exploded in a nuclear inferno that left tens of thousands dead and dying and turned much of Hiroshima, a city of some 250,000 at the time, into a scorched ruin.

Colonel Tibbets executed a well-rehearsed diving turn to avoid the blast effect.

In his memoir gThe Tibbets Story,h he told of gthe awesome sight that met our eyes as we turned for a heading that would take us alongside the burning, devastated city.h

gThe giant purple mushroom, which the tail-gunner had described, had already risen to a height of 45,000 feet, 3 miles above our own altitude, and was still boiling upward like something terribly alive,h he remembered.

Three days later, an even more powerful atomic bomb ? a plutonium device ? was dropped on Nagasaki from a B-29 flown by Maj. Charles W. Sweeney.

On Aug. 15, Japan surrendered, bringing World War II to an end. The crews who flew the atomic strikes were seen by Americans as saviors who had averted the huge casualties that were expected to result from an invasion of Japan. But questions were eventually raised concerning the morality of atomic warfare and the need for the Truman administration to drop the bomb in order to secure Japanfs surrender.

General Tibbets never wavered in defense of his mission.

gI was anxious to do it,h he told an interviewer for the documentary gThe Men Who Brought the Dawn,h marking the 50th anniversary of the Hiroshima bombing. gI wanted to do everything that I could to subdue Japan. I wanted to kill the bastards. That was the attitude of the United States in those years.h gI have been convinced that we saved more lives than we took,h he said, referring to both American and Japanese casualties from an invasion of Japan. gIt would have been morally wrong if wefd have had that weapon and not used it and let a million more people die.h

Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr. was born on Feb. 23, 1915, in Quincy, Ill. His father was a salesman in a family grocery business. His mother, the former Enola Gay Haggard, grew up on an Iowa farm and was named for a character in a novel her father was reading shortly before she was born.

The family moved to Miami, and at age 12 Paul Tibbets took a ride with a barnstorming pilot and dropped Baby Ruth candy bars on Hialeah race track in a promotional stunt for the Curtiss Candy Company. He was thrilled by flight, and though his father wanted him to be a doctor, his mother encouraged him to pursue his dream.

After attending the University of Florida and University of Cincinnati, he joined the Army Air Corps in 1937.

On Aug. 17, 1942, he led a dozen B-17 Flying Fortresses on the first daylight raid by an American squadron on German-occupied Europe, bombing railroad marshaling yards in the French city of Rouen. He flew Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to Gibraltar in November 1942 en route to the launching of Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa, and participated in the first bombing missions of that campaign.

After returning to the United States to test the newly developed B-29, the first intercontinental bomber, he was told in September 1944 of the most closely held secret of the war: scientists were working to harness the power of atomic energy to create a bomb of such destruction that it could end the war.

He was ordered to find the best pilots, navigators, bombardiers and supporting crewmen and mold them into a unit that would deliver that bomb from a B-29.

2) B-29 Photo Collection

Under preparation

3. B-29 Links
  1. Boeing B-29 Superfortress
  2. B-29 Superfortress Then and Now
  3. World War 2 Links
  4. EX-POW Hap's Biography
  5. Hap's Victory a POW's Story
    (Please click Hap Halloran of Site index.)
  6. Sky Giants Over Japan by Chester Marshall
  7. B-29 Museum
  8. Naval Historical Center
  9. B-29 Memorial
  10. National Air and Space Museum
  11. US-Japan Dialogue on POWs
  12. NHK archives, War testimony, B-29 shooting down newsreel, No.242, Jan 18,1945
  13. The Last Bomb 1945 (36min Video)

Return to the top page of B-29 ***